Cancer Care | Living With Chronic Conditions | Men’s Health | Urinary & Kidney Health
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3 Prostate Cancer Myths

PSA tests, prostate surgery often misunderstood

When it comes to prostate cancer screening and treatment, misconceptions persist.

It’s important to separate myths from facts:

Myth 1: PSA (or prostate-specific-antigen) testing mostly benefits men over 65

Although PSA screening is mostly performed in men over 65, the men who really benefit from the test are young and have a PSA pattern that highly suggests cancer. If these young men take their test results seriously, they are biopsied for high-grade cancer and then treated and cured of their cancer.

“A biopsy is the only way to know for sure.”

Eric Klein, MD

Chairman of the Glickman Urological & Kidney Institute

Myth 2: A high PSA score always means prostate cancer

Other conditions, including non-cancerous prostate enlargement, can cause higher PSA, so a biopsy is the only way to know for sure.

Myth 3: Prostate surgery ruins your urinary control and your sex life

In experienced hands and the early stages of prostate cancer, long-term issues with urinary leakage are minimal. In the majority of men with early stage prostate cancer, it’s possible to do nerve-sparing surgery and have normal erections.

Remember that prostate cancer can often be detected early through screening. A digital rectal exam is one screening method, and a PSA is another.

According to the American Cancer Society, other than skin cancer, prostate cancer is the most common cancer in American men.

 

Tags: health screenings, prostate, prostate cancer, prostate cancer screening, PSA, PSA screening
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Eric A. Klein, MD, is an international leader in the biology and management of prostate cancer. Dr. Klein serves as Chairman of the Glickman Urological & Kidney Institute.

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  • Jeffrey Eadie

    I’ve heard that prostate screenings do more than good. Is that true. I always thought prostate supplements can protect against prostate cancer. I’ve just read a Super Beta Prostate review and found that it may only help protect against an aging prostate.

    • Michael Ostrowski

      Yes, screening does much more damage than good.

  • Jeffrey

    I had a high PSA for years & had a biopsy. Thankfully no cancer. It turns out that due to a very large prostate w/urine retention issues, I developed bladder stones. After removal, my PSA dropped dramatically & I am currently on drugs which will help to shrink my prostate, so I have less of an issue of urine retention.