Your skin is your largest organ — and for many people, a source of worry when things don’t look as they should. Here’s our collection of advice on six common skin conditions.
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If you have rosacea, you know how inexplicably your face can redden. Experts don’t have a clear understanding of exactly what causes this chronic skin condition, but they do know that it runs in families. Five of the most common triggers include alcohol, spicy foods or drinks, exercise, sun and wind exposure, and anxiety or stress. A dermatologist can evaluate your condition, identify triggers and prescribe treatments to alleviate symptoms and prevent progression.
If you have tiny white bumps on your nose chin or cheeks, resist the urge to try removing them. You likely have milia. Mila happens when dead skin cells get trapped beneath the skin’s surface and form small, hard cysts. Usually, the best treatment is to do nothing, and the bumps will disappear after a few weeks. If you’re an adult with milia, try an over-the-counter exfoliating treatment that contains salicylic acid.
Most of the time, a skin tag or cyst is nothing more than something that’s unsightly. But if you develop a flesh-colored nodule underneath the skin that you think could be a skin cyst, it’s best to have a doctor take a look at it. Chances are, it‘s a benign cyst. But various tumors – including malignant ones — can occur as lumps underneath the skin.
Heat rash develops when you sweat excessively and your pores become blocked, which traps perspiration under your skin. The perspiration leaks into the surrounding tissue, which causes irritation. A heat rash may look like tiny bumps surrounded by red skin. If you or your child experience heat rash, start the cool-down process right away. Cool off with a fan, or come into air conditioning. A cool bath also can help.
Vasculitis is inflammation of the blood vessels. Symptoms can include nasal congestion joint pain, mouth ulcers, hearing loss, skin lesions, headache, vision problems, numbness, weakness, cough, shortness of breath, fever, weight loss and many others symptoms. The condition shares symptoms and signs with other diseases, so establishing a diagnosis often is difficult. But once diagnosed, vasculitis is treatable. Doctors aim to reduce or halt the immune response that is causing the inflammation.
Much of what you hear about acne isn’t always backed by medical evidence. Like putting toothpaste on a zit will clear it up. Or that eating chocolate or shaving will make you break out. Instead, focus on keeping your face clean and washing with a benzoyl peroxide cleanser. Shower as soon as possible after a sweaty workout. If you’ve tried simple things without success, it’s time to see a dermatologist.