Recovering from a road race is an important component of your overall training plan when you’re a cyclist. If you don’t take steps to properly recover from your bike race, you can increase your risk for injury. And you may even limit your participation in upcoming races.
Here are tips to help your body recover from Matthew Winters, Doctor of Physical Therapy and Sports Certified Specialist from Cleveland Clinic Sports Health. These tips will also help with conditioning for optimal performance down the road.
After your race ends, take five minutes to continue spinning slowly.
The blood vessels in your legs were expanding during your race. If you stop suddenly, the blood just stays in place like pools of water. This can make you lightheaded and minimizes your body’s ability to get fresh blood in and metabolic waste out.
“You have the joy of being done and you just want to be done,” Mr. Winters says. “But it doesn’t end at the finish line. There’s still several hours of recovery time and muscle repair and it all begins with this cool-down process.”
When your body stops moving following a race, every muscle tightens up and may get stiff and sore. After a five-minute cool-down period where you cycle around slowly, get off your bike but keep moving.
“You need to keep your body moving a little bit longer instead of plopping yourself down somewhere and calling it a day,” Mr. Winters says. “Your muscles need to continue to contract. When you get off your bike, walk for a few minutes.”
“There are protein-type drinks such as chocolate milk, which is a good recovery drink,” Mr. Winters says. “But plain water or some electrolyte-type of water is good too. Sport drinks are fine but only in moderation. At this point when you’re done, you can certainly over-hydrate yourself, but not too terribly much.”
To kick-start your muscle repair, eat a lot of protein.
“That’s one of the biggest recommendations,” Mr. Winters says. “Protein is important for your recovery.”
You can start by having a high-protein snack after your race is over and you have started to cool down.
Later, be sure to eat a high-protein meal — include foods such as beef, chicken, fish or nuts. A high-protein shake is also fine, he says. This will help decrease any muscle damage and help promote muscle repair and recovery.
Compression wear, including compression socks, can help reduce muscle soreness, fatigue and swelling after an intense bike ride.
Since your calf muscles send blood back to your chest, compression socks are highly recommended. Not only can they accelerate this recirculation process but they can also help improve blood oxygen levels, leading you to a full recovery.
Massaging your legs will help push out the fluids carrying waste products during muscle breakdown.
A massage also will help improve circulation and allow fresh blood to flow in more easily to help repair your muscles. It also can help break up the knots that may form in your body from muscle overuse.
If you can’t get to a massage therapist, try using mini foam rollers or even a couple of tennis balls tucked inside of socks.
“Even something as simple as taking a contrast shower — where you alternate hot water and then cold water — can help,” Mr. Winters says. “This contrast of warming up and cooling down creates a pumping-type mechanism.”
Finally, rest is vital for your recovery and muscle repair. It can help heal your body overall.
Your muscle-building hormones increase as you sleep, and they’re important for repairing your muscles while you train and after a race.
Mr. Winters recommends getting at least seven hours of sleep a night along with a 30-minute power nap during the day.