Bone loss can occur in men and women at any age. When bone density or bone quality is reduced, the skeletal structure becomes fragile. This can lead to an increased risk of fractures, which occur most often in the spine, hip and wrist. When this occurs, you may be diagnosed with osteoporosis or low bone density (previously called osteopenia).
Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy
Specially trained therapists can help you with osteoporosis. Therapy sessions are customized to meet your individual needs and designed to produce the best possible results.
Risk factors for osteoporosis and low bone density include:
- Sex (female > male)
- Older age
- Family history
- Having a thin and short stature
- Prior fractures
- Postmenopausal/Perimenopausal women
- Pubescent amenorrhea (absence of your period in a post-pubescent woman of reproductive age)
- Taking medications such as steroids
- Other diseases including rheumatoid arthritis, GI disease, anorexia nervosa
After a thorough evaluation and development of a plan of care, an osteoporosis and bone health rehabilitation program may include:
– Strengthening of site-specific muscles, including the back and hips
– Weight-bearing exercises
– Postural correction
– Body mechanics training
– Balance exercises for fall prevention
– Up-to-date spinal fracture management
Participating in a rehabilitation program can lead to decreased pain, improved mobility, improved posture and possible bone building and/or reduction in bone loss.
If you have some of the risk factors above, don’t ignore them. Talk to your physician and find out if you do in fact, have osteoporosis. It can be treated.