Search IconSearch
December 24, 2020/Health Conditions/Eye Care

5 Ways to Maintain Good Vision and Healthy Eyes

Be sure to protect your eyes from UV light and hazardous materials

person standing outside wearing surgical mask and glasses

Your eyes play a crucial role in how you move through the world and enjoy your life, from the moment you wake up to the moment you go to sleep.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

They do the important job of capturing light. Then, different parts of the eye system (or ocular system) work together, connecting with neurons that translate and deliver messages to the brain as visual images.

For this reason, it’s important to keep your eyes healthy. Follow these simple measures to maintain good vision and enjoy lifelong eye health.

Visit your doctor for regular check-ups and for any eye problems you experience

Eye specialists are trained to determine and improve your vision with eyeglasses, contact lenses and eye exercises. They can provide total eye care, from examinations and vision correction to the diagnosis and treatment of eye disease, says ophthalmologist Michael Millstein, MD.

You should visit your optometrist or ophthalmologist for an eye exam once every year, or if you experience eye infections or symptoms of disease such:

  • Loss of or blurred vision.
  • Light flashes.
  • Eye pain.
  • Redness.
  • Itching.
  • Swelling.
  • Irritation around the eye or eyelid.


Take steps to prevent disease

Eye disease is the No. 1 cause of blindness. “Most diseases that cause blindness, like glaucoma and diabetes, can be treated or slowed down if they’re diagnosed and managed properly,” Dr. Millstein says.

While there’s no cure for some eye disorders, there have been major medical advances for age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. By getting regular exams and discussing your family history, you and your doctor will be better able to anticipate, prevent and treat eye disease.

Wear the right prescription lenses, or consider corrective surgery

Not wearing your prescribed eyeglasses or contacts won’t cause disease, but it can create discomfort from eyestrain, headaches or possibly even injury brought on by the lack of safe vision.

If you find wearing prescriptive lenses to be uncomfortable, ask your doctor about alternatives, like switching from eyeglasses to contact lenses or exploring corrective surgery.

Protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful rays

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation comes from sunlight, tanning beds, black-light lamps and some other forms of light. If you’re frequently exposed to UV rays, this can lead to an increased risk of cataracts or yellow raised spots on the surface of the white of the eye, such as pingueculas and pterygiums. Eye diseases such as macular degeneration, solar retinitis and corneal dystrophies have all been linked to UV exposure.

Your eyes may be more sensitive if they’re a light color, or if you’re taking specific medications. You can protect your eyes while you’re out in the sun by wearing prescription sunglasses, clip-on sunglasses or UV-blocking contact lenses.

Wear protective gear and eyewear during work and sporting events

Wearing safety glasses and protective goggles when you play sports or work with hazardous materials lowers your risk for eye injury, vision damage and complete loss of sight.

“Being actively involved in your eye health and working with your optometrist and ophthalmologist increases your chances for maintaining good eye health and eyesight throughout your life,” Dr. Millstein says.

Learn more about our editorial process.

Related Articles

An irritated, red eye
July 15, 2024/Eye Care
Why Your Eyes Are Always Red (and How To Fix Them)

Peepers get pink for lots of reasons, from allergies to closed-angle glaucoma

Adult receiving eye drops from a healthcare provider
May 10, 2024/Eye Care
When Is It Too Late To Treat Lazy Eye?

While it’s best to fix amblyopia during childhood, it can also be addressed as an adult

Person vacuuming around living room
April 17, 2024/Eye Care
5 Tips for Coping With Geographic Atrophy

Preserving your social life and protecting your mental health are key to living well with vision loss

Person holding up sunglasses
April 16, 2024/Eye Care
9 Tips for Living Well With Geographic Atrophy

Start low-vision rehabilitation as soon as possible and see your retina specialist at least every six months

Colorblind glasses showing houses on shoreline in color
April 11, 2024/Eye Care
What We Know About Color Blind Glasses

These trendy glasses might brighten some shades and help you see the difference between colors or brightness of hues, but they won’t cure your color vision deficiency

Person with pink eye
March 22, 2024/Eye Care
Here’s How To Get Rid of Pink Eye Fast

Eye drops and cold water rinses can help speed up healing for viral and allergen-related conjunctivitis, but a bacterial infection will need antibiotics

Eye doctor holding glasses and a prescription
March 20, 2024/Eye Care
Got a New Eye Prescription? Here’s What It Means

Your eye prescription reveals a lot about your eye health, including how they’re shaped, how well you see and what your new glasses can do for your sight

person holding wearing glasses, holding cell phone and rubbing their eye
March 18, 2024/Eye Care
The Dangers of Rubbing Itchy Eyes

From scratching your cornea and tearing your retina to introducing allergens and causing infections, pawing at your peepers just doesn’t pay off

Trending Topics

Female and friend jogging outside
How To Increase Your Metabolism for Weight Loss

Focus on your body’s metabolic set point by eating healthy foods, making exercise a part of your routine and reducing stress

stovetop with stainless steel cookware and glassware
5 Ways Forever Chemicals (PFAS) May Affect Your Health

PFAS chemicals may make life easier — but they aren’t always so easy on the human body

jar of rice water and brush, with rice scattered around table
Could Rice Water Be the Secret To Healthier Hair?

While there’s little risk in trying this hair care treatment, there isn’t much science to back up the claims