December 23, 2020

5 Ways to Maintain Good Vision and Healthy Eyes

Be sure to protect your eyes from UV light and hazardous materials

person standing outside wearing surgical mask and glasses

Your eyes play a crucial role in how you move through the world and enjoy your life, from the moment you wake up to the moment you go to sleep.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

They do the important job of capturing light. Then, different parts of the eye system (or ocular system) work together, connecting with neurons that translate and deliver messages to the brain as visual images.

For this reason, it’s important to keep your eyes healthy. Follow these simple measures to maintain good vision and enjoy lifelong eye health.

Visit your doctor for regular check-ups and for any eye problems you experience

Eye specialists are trained to determine and improve your vision with eyeglasses, contact lenses and eye exercises. They can provide total eye care, from examinations and vision correction to the diagnosis and treatment of eye disease, says ophthalmologist Michael Millstein, MD.

You should visit your optometrist or ophthalmologist for an eye exam once every year, or if you experience eye infections or symptoms of disease such:

  • Loss of or blurred vision.
  • Light flashes.
  • Eye pain.
  • Redness.
  • Itching.
  • Swelling.
  • Irritation around the eye or eyelid.

Take steps to prevent disease

Eye disease is the No. 1 cause of blindness. “Most diseases that cause blindness, like glaucoma and diabetes, can be treated or slowed down if they’re diagnosed and managed properly,” Dr. Millstein says.


While there’s no cure for some eye disorders, there have been major medical advances for age-related macular degeneration and cataracts. By getting regular exams and discussing your family history, you and your doctor will be better able to anticipate, prevent and treat eye disease.

Wear the right prescription lenses, or consider corrective surgery

Not wearing your prescribed eyeglasses or contacts won’t cause disease, but it can create discomfort from eyestrain, headaches or possibly even injury brought on by the lack of safe vision.

If you find wearing prescriptive lenses to be uncomfortable, ask your doctor about alternatives, like switching from eyeglasses to contact lenses or exploring corrective surgery.

Protect your eyes from the sun’s harmful rays

Ultraviolet (UV) radiation comes from sunlight, tanning beds, black-light lamps and some other forms of light. If you’re frequently exposed to UV rays, this can lead to an increased risk of cataracts or yellow raised spots on the surface of the white of the eye, such as pingueculas and pterygiums. Eye diseases such as macular degeneration, solar retinitis and corneal dystrophies have all been linked to UV exposure.

Your eyes may be more sensitive if they’re a light color, or if you’re taking specific medications. You can protect your eyes while you’re out in the sun by wearing prescription sunglasses, clip-on sunglasses or UV-blocking contact lenses.


Wear protective gear and eyewear during work and sporting events

Wearing safety glasses and protective goggles when you play sports or work with hazardous materials lowers your risk for eye injury, vision damage and complete loss of sight.

“Being actively involved in your eye health and working with your optometrist and ophthalmologist increases your chances for maintaining good eye health and eyesight throughout your life,” Dr. Millstein says.

Related Articles

woman sleeping with eye open
February 6, 2024
Why Do Some People Sleep With Their Eyes Open?

Nocturnal lagophthalmos may be caused by damaged nerves or muscles in your face

woman washing out eye with drops
June 2, 2022
How to Safely Flush Out Your Eye

Act quickly when a chemical or object gets in your eye

woman swabbing eye
December 12, 2021
What To Know About Mucus Fishing Syndrome

Mucus fishing is the latest trend on TikTok and Instagram. But here’s why you shouldn’t do it

eye twitch
November 22, 2021
Why You Have That Pesky Eye Twitch — and When to Seek Help

Common causes for repetitive spasms of your eyelid muscle

A birds-eye-view of a crushed makeup and a makeup brush
August 24, 2021
Think Makeup Makes You Break Out? It Might Be Dirty Brushes

Keeping brushes clean and new can prevent bacteria growth

eye health eat healthy vitamins
April 8, 2021
Should You Take Vitamins for Eye Health?

The answer depends on your condition

boy swimming in pool with goggles
April 6, 2021
How Does Chlorine Affect Your Eyes?

Plus how pools, lakes and sprinklers affect your eyes

docotr checks patient with eye injury
December 30, 2020
Don’t Rub It! First Aid Tips for 5 Eye Irritants + Injuries

Find out what to treat yourself and when to get help

Trending Topics

close up of keto gummies
Do Keto Gummies Work for Weight Loss? Are They Safe?

Research is inconclusive whether or not these supplements are helpful

Person in yellow tshirt and blue jeans relaxing on green couch in living room reading texts on their phone.
Here’s How Many Calories You Naturally Burn in a Day

Your metabolism may torch 1,300 to 2,000 calories daily with no activity

Older person postioned sideways showing dowager hump.
Dowager’s Hump: What It Is and How To Get Rid of It

The hump at the base of your neck may be caused by osteoporosis or poor posture