April 3, 2024/Nutrition

Is Your Sandwich Healthy? What About Your Wrap?

Wrapped or sandwiched, try to choose fillings and condiments that are minimally processed, low in saturated fat and high in fiber

Turkey wrap cut in half on butcher board, with lettuce, tomato, cheese, onion

It’s the best thing since sliced bread. At least, that’s how it tastes. But is that sandwich you’re craving as good for your health as it is for your taste buds? Would a wrap be a better choice? What about pita pockets? Gluten-free bread? Lettuce? And what about all the fillings and condiments?


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

The list of questions could easily be a … footlong. (Sorry.)

We asked registered dietitian Anna Taylor, RD, LD, to weigh in on the nutritional value of sandwiches and wraps. She explains that you can’t always judge a sandwich by its bread-y cover.

How to determine if your sandwich is healthy

If your goal is a healthy, well-balanced meal, you’re going to need some information.

“Read the nutrition facts label,” Taylor advises. “If you’re eating out, look up the nutrition facts online. In a restaurant, your server may bring you allergen information instead of nutrition information, and some menus have just calories listed. Looking for the full details online will give you more accurate, up-to-date info.”

Compare your options. If you want to make a heart-healthy choice, you want less saturated fat and more fiber. If you’re seeking weight loss, serving size and calories are key.

Are wraps healthier than sandwiches?

If you walk into your local sandwich shop, you’ll probably see that their healthy menu options swap bread for tortillas. But are wraps really better for you than sandwiches?

“That depends,” Taylor says. “Some tortilla wraps contain more calories and carbohydrates than two slices of bread.”

Taylor explains that if you’re making lunch at home, you’ll find that a typical 10-inch tortilla contains about 200 to 220 calories. Meanwhile, two slices of bread could contain anywhere between 70 and 280 calories, depending on which type of bread you use.

Many delis and restaurants, on the other hand, use tortilla wraps that are around 300 calories — just for the wrap itself! And once you add in the calories from the fillings and condiments (not to mention that side of chips), you may well end up with a high-calorie lunch.

So, how do you decide whether to go with a sandwich or a wrap? On a case-by-case basis, according to Taylor. It might not always be possible to get a full nutritional breakdown — especially if you aren’t eating at a chain restaurant — but don’t be afraid to ask.

As a general rule, steer clear of prepackaged sandwiches like the ones you find in grocery stores and cafeterias. They’re made to sit out for a long time. That means they’re often made with low-quality, highly processed ingredients that are loaded with preservatives, Taylor explains.

“Grocery store sandwiches are no better as a whole than subs from chain restaurants — they all rely on preservatives to prevent foodborne illness, are high in sodium, and typically, the bread and wraps contain refined grains,” she adds.


Whether you’re using bread or wraps, that starchy foundation for your sandwich can be a big contributor to the overall calories. If you’re seeking weight loss, consider skimping on the starch to support your goals.

How to make a healthy sandwich or wrap: Six tips

It’s always easier to practice healthy eating habits when you’re the one controlling the ingredients and portion size. Taylor offers the following six suggestions for building a tasty, nutritionally balanced sandwich or wrap.

1. Opt for whole grain

Taylor recommends choosing 100% whole-grain products whenever available.

“Spinach wraps may look and sound healthier,” she notes, “but they contain only trace amounts of spinach and are typically made with refined grains — meaning no calorie or carb savings. And no added fiber.”

Instead of attempting to veggie-fy your bread, Taylor suggests going for the real thing.

“Loading your sandwich up with real, fresh fruits and vegetables is the best way to get real health benefits from them,” she says.

2. Toast it, don’t grill it

Paninis and grilled cheese sandwiches are undeniably tasty. But they tend to be high in saturated fats thanks to the cooking process.

Instead of slathering your sandwich with butter or oil, just throw that bad boy in the toaster oven. You’ll get all the crispy goodness you crave without the dietary drawbacks.

3. Choose your condiments carefully

A dry sandwich is a crime, we know. But slathering your culinary creation in oil or full-fat mayonnaise isn’t a great call either. Other condiments — like ketchup — can be hit and miss.

That’s the bad news. Here’s the good news: There are lots of healthy ways to add a little extra zing to your sandwich.

“Mustard is usually a safe bet,” Taylor shares. “Yellow, brown and even honey mustard has very little sugar in it, and the sodium content tends to be lower than most other condiments.”

Not a mustard person? Try using kimchi, tahini, vinegar, hummus, avocado and guacamole to enhance your sandwich or wrap. You can also use fresh fruit like tomatoes, cucumbers, apples or pears to add some extra moisture.


4. Steer clear of heavily processed food

You probably aren’t surprised to learn that American cheese and bologna sandwich isn’t doing your body any favors.

Nearly all the food we eat is processed to a certain extent — and that’s not necessarily a bad thing. Taylor says that it’s the ultra-processed food you need to avoid.

Unfortunately, some of the best examples of ultra-processed foods happen to be sandwich staples. Traditional luncheon meats are typically ultra-processed meats — meaning they’ve been salted, cured, smoked or had preservatives added. This includes ham, deli turkey, salami, bologna, pastrami, bacon, pepperoni, and turkey, beef, and sliced chicken lunch meats.

5. Choose lean or plant-based proteins

Instead of chowing down on cold cuts, Taylor recommends stuffing your sandwich or wrap with lean proteins like chicken, fish or turkey. Whenever possible, bypass both the prepackaged stuff and the deli counter. The least processed sandwich meat is the kind you roast and slice up yourself. Depending on how they’re prepared, eggs can also make for a great main protein.

These days, vegetarians, vegans and carnivores alike recognize that it’s also possible to make a delicious sandwich that doesn’t contain any animal byproducts.

Taylor suggests swapping out meat for a plant-based alternative like tofu, tempeh, jackfruit or seitan. If those options don’t appeal, consider using beans or legumes as your main protein. Garbanzo beans (the kind you make hummus with) and black beans are particularly common proteins for vegetarian and vegan sandwiches. Properly prepared, mashed garbanzo beans taste surprisingly like tuna — and a homemade mushroom nut roast could easily go toe to toe with your grandma’s meatloaf recipe in a taste test.

Just like the real thing, meat substitutes are a “sometimes” sandwich stuffer at best. While often healthier than the meat they’re imitating, faux chicken, beef, steak and lunch meat is still highly processed, high in sodium and less nutritionally sound than other vegetarian options.

And if you’re going to add cheese to that sandwich, Taylor recommends you choose a thinly sliced cheese that is actual … well … cheese. To give you a sense of how processed American cheese is — the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) refers to the stuff as “pasteurized processed American cheese food.”

6. Keep your portion sizes small

A dietitian is unlikely to recommend a footlong anything. But in the world of quick-order sandwiches, it can be tough to avoid huge portions. Here are a few ways — besides ordering a smaller size — that you can make that fast-casual sammy more nutritionally sound:

  • Do your research. Is the nutritional information provided per sandwich, or per serving? If it’s the latter, take the time to do the math. Depending on what you learn, Taylor says you can opt for a smaller size or ask to have half of the sandwich wrapped up to go.
  • Embrace an open face. Open-face sandwiches aren’t just for Thanksgiving leftovers. They’re delightful any time of year. And for sandwiches like BLTs, they’re just plain better — they let the delicious fillings take center stage. Trust us on this.
  • Cut it out. If your neighborhood sandwich shop gets too bread-happy, slice their creation down to size, or hollow that bad boy out.
  • “I got hot sauce in my bag. Swag.” Restaurants tend to be very generous with their condiments. Those heavy hands add mostly empty calories to your meal and turn your leftovers into a soggy mess. Instead, get a portable salad dressing squeeze bottle and fill it with your condiment of choice. If that sounds like too much work, you can also purchase single-use packets of your go-to condiments and keep a few on hand.

Crumbs of wisdom

Sandwiches and wraps are, quite literally, full of potential. Thoughtfully constructed, they can be a healthy and balanced addition to your plate.

When you’re eating out, sandwiches and wraps are more of a wild card. Reviewing the nutritional information and controlling certain parts of the preparation process — like adding sauce yourself — can make your hoagie as healthy as it is heavenly.

Learn more about our editorial process.

Related Articles

Person on scale, questioning muscle weight vs. fat weight
April 12, 2024/Exercise & Fitness
The Difference Between Muscle Weight vs. Fat Weight

Both are needed for a healthy body

Person monitoring nutritional intake on smartphone app while eating a salad
April 1, 2024/Weight Loss
How Many Calories Should You Eat in a Day?

It depends on factors like your age, activity level and if you want to maintain, lose or gain weight

Female struggling to push a large rock up a hill
March 21, 2024/Weight Loss
Why It Really Is Harder for Women To Lose Weight (and What To Do About It)

Genetics, metabolism and hormonal fluctuations can all make weight loss more difficult

Small cup of yogurt with fresh blueberries on top, with mint sprig
March 1, 2024/Weight Loss
Easy, Low-Calorie Snacks To Get You Through the Day

Snacking can bring benefits with healthy food choices and planning

A wooden spoonful of salt on a granite tabletop with salt scattered around
February 28, 2024/Nutrition
Why Too Much Salt Can Be Bad for You

Excess salt and sodium consumption is a worldwide health concern

Various cuts of red meat displayed
February 14, 2024/Nutrition
Is Red Meat Bad for You?

It has nutrients your body needs, but it also comes with some serious health risks

A roasted pork chop on a mound of vegetables with sauce, displayed in a white bowl
February 12, 2024/Nutrition
Is Pork Red or White Meat? And Is It Healthy?

Despite what you may have heard, pork is actually red meat (and it comes with the same risks as other red meats)

Person eating healthy bowl of noodles with fitness items floating around head
January 17, 2024/Weight Loss
How To Shed 10 Pounds — For Good!

Actively choose healthy habits not only when it comes to food and nutrition, but also physical activity and your mental health

Trending Topics

Person in yellow tshirt and blue jeans relaxing on green couch in living room reading texts on their phone.
Here’s How Many Calories You Naturally Burn in a Day

Your metabolism may torch 1,300 to 2,000 calories daily with no activity

woman snacking on raisins and nuts
52 Foods High In Iron

Pump up your iron intake with foods like tuna, tofu and turkey