How to Avoid (Sometimes Serious) Snow Blower Injuries

Tips for clearing your snow more safely

Snowblower blades in snow

A fierce winter storm just dumped a good 10 inches of snow in your driveway overnight. So do you save your back and fire up the snow blower instead of grabbing your shovel?

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You might think it’s definitely the safer option, but orthopaedic surgeon David Shapiro, MD, says snow blowers cause more than 5,000 serious injuries every year.

Where the danger lies

Many people don’t realize that turning off the motor on a snow blower to unclog snow doesn’t mean that it’s safe to put a hand inside.

Either there will be some stored energy in the impeller, which is the second blade that throws the snow. Or on some of the very old ones, there will still be compression in the engine — even after the motor is turned off. When you suddenly unblock that clog of snow, it just shoots out like a missile and it’s essentially like a blast injury to the fingers.

Most snow blower injuries, Dr. Shapiro says, occur on the hands and can range from cuts and lacerations to full-blown amputations.

Heavier, wetter snow is more likely to cause injury, he adds, because it’s the type that often causes a blockage in the machine.

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Are newer snow blowers any safer?

Regulations have made recent models safer by including mechanisms that require you to have your hand on the control at all times to make the machine operational.

And new snow blowers are also now required to come with a stick on the front that’s specifically for clearing clogged snow.

Still, Dr. Shapiro says people do find ways around this, which can set them up for a very bad accident.

What to do if you get injured by your snow blower

While almost all snow blower related injuries are preventable, Dr. Shapiro notes that accidents are always possible. So it’s important to get help immediately if an accident occurs.

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“If you do get an injury, the first thing to do is carefully assess it,” he says. “Take the gloves off. Bandage the fingers as best you can. And depending on the magnitude of the injury, head to the emergency room.”

Most times, injuries happen when people let their guard down. So even if a person has been using a snow blower for years, Dr. Shapiro says it’s important to follow the rules every single time to avoid a devastating injury.

“It’s very important to follow the rules — they’re there for a reason and they do make a difference,” he says. “It’s not typically the novice snow blower user who gets injured. It’s the person who’s been using it for five or 10 years, has considerable experience with it and may think that he or she can get away with something that they didn’t think they could get away with when they first got the machine.”

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