Winter can be challenging even for people who love cold weather. After all, nobody likes shoveling out their driveway at 5 a.m. or wearing three layers of clothing just to make a quick trip to the store.
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But winter can be an especially brutal time of the year for your lips, which can get chapped, dry and cracked.
“The cold weather has a significant effect on our body, and that includes our lips,” says dermatologist Melissa Piliang, MD.
Why do my lips get chapped or dry?
It’s no surprise that winter weather might cause chapped lips. The combination of cold air and chilling wind outside — and dry, heated air inside — all conspire to make your lips dry and tight.
And when you go outside, you might not think about lip protection right away.
“Keep in mind that when you go out into the cold, you may take steps to cover the rest of your body,” notes Dr. Piliang. “But too often, your mouth is one of the last things you cover. Sometimes, you might not even do it at all, leaving your lips exposed to those harsher winter conditions.”
Plus, your lips aren’t the same skin type as the rest of your face and body.
“Lips are a special type of skin that is very thin and delicate — which means they really do require some extra TLC,” says Dr. Piliang. “Our lips dry out 10 times faster than the rest of the skin on our face, so it’s really important to use extra protection.”
Remedies for chapped lips
Luckily, there are multiple measures you can take to fix chapped lips, as well as healthy habits you can adopt to keep your lips smooth and healthy all winter long. Here are six tips to follow:
Choose the right lip balm
First things first, what you put on your lips matters. And the first “chapstick” you pick up may not be able to cut it in some cases. Here are some tips on picking the right lip balm to soothe your lips:
Use a lip balm that’s ointment-based
When browsing the pharmacy aisles, look for a healing ointment that contains petrolatum, essential oils or glycerin. This remedy will lock in the moisture and help heal cracks and splits in your skin.
Stay away from lip balms containing camphor, eucalyptus and menthol
These ingredients initially feel soothing, but they actually dry out your lips and make the problem worse. When your lips become drier and irritated, you apply more of this kind of lip balm, and then the cycle continues.
Make sure your lip balm contains sunscreen
Another important ingredient in lip balm is sunscreen. Despite the colder temperatures, the sun still shines in the winter. Your lips can still get burned and are more susceptible to burning than the rest of your face, as the skin is thinner and more delicate.
Dehydration may be a related reason why your lips are feeling dry. Drinking plenty of water is known to be good for your skin — and this includes your sensitive lips.
Don’t lick your lips
When your lips are dry, it’s natural to want to lick them to make them moist. But licking your lips actually has the opposite effect. “Once you put saliva on your lips, it actually makes them dry out faster, making your lips even more dry overall,” Dr. Piliang states. “Plus, the enzymes that are in saliva that are meant to digest food are irritating to the lips.”
Don’t bite, brush or rub your lips
You may also feel the need to get rid of that pesky, irritating feeling that flaking and peeling cause — after all, it feels so much better when your lips are smooth! But try to resist that urge.
“It’s much better not to scrub your lips or pick the peeling skin off with your teeth or your fingers,” Dr. Piliang advises. “That just creates cracks and sores on your lips and can make things worse. Instead, apply a very heavy ointment-based balm that will be soothing and will help to heal your lips.”
Treat chapped lips right away
When it comes to treating chapped lips, time is of the essence! Treat severe peeling and cracks right away. If you let chapped lips go, they can become worse, possibly infected or may even lead to a cold sore. For example, the herpes simplex virus has a tendency to attack when your immune system is down, which can happen more frequently in the winter. And when your lips are peeling, cracking and dry, it doesn’t help the situation, creating an environment more ideal for that annoying invader.
How to prevent chapped lips
Getting into the habit of adding lip protection to your morning, bedtime and outdoor routine is the way to go. “Buy a couple of balm or ointment sticks and place one by your bed, and carry one in your bag or car so you’ll always have it on hand,” recommends Dr. Piliang. Also, consider using a humidifier at night if the air in your house is dry from your heat or heater.
And be especially sure to apply lip balm before you go to bed every night. Many people sleep with their mouths open. Eight hours of breathing in and out through your mouth can seriously dry out your lips — and lip balm can help a great deal.