Dizziness is not a problem you should ignore. It can affect people differently, making you feel like you are spinning, light-headed, imbalanced, woozy, or it can cause a floating or rocking sensation. You may also experience nausea and visual problems, such as a decrease in focus, says vestibular therapist Janet Kucinic.
She says it’s important to tell your doctor if you feel these symptoms because it can be caused by a variety of issues, including:
“The most important thing is to seek medical attention in order for a doctor to make appropriate assessments and diagnoses,” Ms. Kucinic says.
She says your doctor may recommend further diagnostic tests, including an MRI and/or CT of the brain and/or neck; cardiac tests; or vestibular test battery, a gold standard in assessing inner ear function.
The primary doctor may also refer you to an ENT or neurologist, Ms. Kucinic says.
If dizziness is ever accompanied by any of the following, go to the ER:
While dizziness can be caused by various factors, it often occurs when the vestibular system – which controls balance and spatial orientation — becomes injured or damaged.
This may occur when:
Less common types of dizziness can be caused by:
Ms. Kucinic says it is also possible to experience dizziness related to the cervical spine, even if you don’t have neck pain.
“When there are joint restrictions in the neck, especially in the upper cervical spine, this can cause a misfiring of how the neck and brain communicate. This, in turn, can cause dizziness,” she says.
“There are also particular muscles in the neck that can cause dizziness if there is an increase in tone in these particular muscle groups,” she adds.
“Sometimes, initially, patients with an acute onset of dizziness need various medications to assist with lessening the symptoms,” Ms. Kucinic says.
“These medications are called vestibular suppressants. In addition, there are anti-nausea medications to assist with nausea and vomiting that patients tend to experience initially,” she says.
Depending upon the causes of your dizziness, treatments may include:
“The good news is that many people who suffer from dizziness can get some form of relief,” Ms. Kucinic says, noting that there are various support groups, such as The Vestibular Disorders Association.