May 5, 2020/Nutrition

There’s Not Much Chicken in That Nugget

What you get: fat, nerves, bones and more

chicken nuggets

Here’s how to turn a perfectly good source of protein into junk food: Process it.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

Research has shown (sorry!) what’s inside a typical fast food chicken nugget. When we think of chicken, we typically think of lean muscle tissue. But the makeup of chicken nuggets is very different.

How much chicken is actually in chicken nuggets?

Researchers in one study examined a randomly selected chicken nugget from two different unidentified chains. The first nugget was only around 50% muscle tissue. The remainder was mostly fat, with some blood vessels and nerves in the mix. The second nugget was around 40% muscle tissue, with the rest being primarily fat, plus some bone pieces and connective tissue.

With obesity recognized as a chronic disease by the American Medical Association, choosing healthy meal options is crucial to living a healthy lifestyle. Aside from the idea of eating nerves, bone and blood vessels — understandably unappetizing to many people — what may be more important is that chicken nuggets provide more fat, less protein, more sodium and more carbohydrates than you’d get from unprocessed chicken.

In addition, nuggets also contain added fillers and preservatives, such as sodium acid pyrophosphate (a leavening agent used in breading) and other multisyllabic, mystery ingredients.

“Food science has allowed modification of a superb source of lean protein into a variety of processed poultry products marketed as inexpensive convenience foods that are high in salt, sugar and fat,” the researchers state.

Know what you’re getting

When choosing meal options for your family, learn to read labels. Opt for foods that have a simple ingredient list and, in the case of chicken products, list chicken as the first ingredient.

“Most people probably do not order a box of chicken nuggets thinking it’s health food,” admits dietitian Laura Jeffers, MEd, RD, LD. “Restaurants make ingredient lists and nutrition facts available for consumers who want to know. But to me, this research underscores the importance of knowing the nutritional value of what you eat. “If the content of chicken nuggets is unappetizing to you, that may be a healthy (and possibly intended) response, too.”

Jeffers goes on to explain: “As a registered dietitian, I frequently talk about the benefits of eating ‘whole foods’ — meats, vegetables and other foods that are not processed.”

She says whole foods and other nutrient-dense foods are more likely to contain the essential vitamins, minerals and fatty acids your body needs. Processing can remove or reduce these and increase the sodium, fat and other potentially unhealthy elements. Realistically, people will eat fast food meals for convenience on occasion. But consider ordering the unbreaded version instead. Try not to make mystery meat a staple of your diet.

Are ‘organic’ chicken nuggets healthier?

Realistically, people will eat fast food meals for convenience on occasion, but try not to make this mystery meat a staple of your diet.


If your kiddos insist on chicken nuggets for dinner, choose from varieties available at the grocery store, read the labels and pick those with the least amount of fillers. Often, you can also find unbreaded options.

“It’s certainly best, if you can, to pick organic chicken nuggets that say they use chicken breast and are raised without antibiotics,” Jeffers says. “Make sure the ingredient list is short — and understandable. You want to avoid lots of fillers and preservatives. That means your kids are getting less actual meat!”

Or, if your kids are big chicken aficionados, practice making your own. Dredge cut up chicken tenders in flour, panko crumbs and a little Italian seasoning, salt and pepper. Then, pan fry in a little bit of olive oil. You might be surprised that their taste buds might be more mature than you think!


Learn more about our editorial process.

Related Articles

Person reflecting on food and exercise
May 9, 2024/Mental Health
The Importance of Understanding Your Eating Habits

Learning about your relationship with food can help improve your eating behaviors and patterns

Bowl of partially peeled tamarind
May 8, 2024/Nutrition
5 Reasons To Try Tamarind

With a sweet, tangy flavor, this tropical fruit is super versatile and high in antioxidants

Yogurt, granola, fruit parfatis, with fruit on cutting boards
April 26, 2024/Lung
What To Eat When You Have COPD

A change in diet won’t cure COPD — but getting to or maintaining a healthy weight will help

Person on scale, questioning muscle weight vs. fat weight
April 12, 2024/Exercise & Fitness
The Difference Between Muscle Weight vs. Fat Weight

Both are needed for a healthy body

Turkey wrap cut in half on butcher board, with lettuce, tomato, cheese, onion
April 3, 2024/Nutrition
Is Your Sandwich Healthy? What About Your Wrap?

Wrapped or sandwiched, try to choose fillings and condiments that are minimally processed, low in saturated fat and high in fiber

Person monitoring nutritional intake on smartphone app while eating a salad
April 1, 2024/Weight Loss
How Many Calories Should You Eat in a Day?

It depends on factors like your age, activity level and if you want to maintain, lose or gain weight

Variety of cereals in different bowls
Here’s What To Know About Choosing Cereal if You Have Diabetes

There are better breakfast options, but if it’s got to be cereal, look for whole grains, high fiber and no added sugar

Small cup of yogurt with fresh blueberries on top, with mint sprig
March 1, 2024/Weight Loss
Easy, Low-Calorie Snacks To Get You Through the Day

Snacking can bring benefits with healthy food choices and planning

Trending Topics

Person in yellow tshirt and blue jeans relaxing on green couch in living room reading texts on their phone.
Here’s How Many Calories You Naturally Burn in a Day

Your metabolism may torch 1,300 to 2,000 calories daily with no activity

woman snacking on raisins and nuts
52 Foods High In Iron

Pump up your iron intake with foods like tuna, tofu and turkey