April 6, 2023/Skin Care & Beauty

Is the Sunscreen in Your Makeup Enough?

SPF makeup offers some protection, but you’re better off pairing it with sunscreen

person applying makeup foundation in mirror

Multitasking is all the rage in our go-go-go lives. So, if you apply makeup with a built-in sunscreen … well, it stands to reason you’re now a step ahead in your skin care and beauty routine.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

But those two-in-one cosmetic products may not deliver all the protection you need to guard against the sun’s damaging rays, says dermatologist Amy Kassouf, MD. Here’s why.

The limitations of only using SPF makeup

It’s pretty easy these days to find makeup that includes a built-in sun protection factor (SPF). Products ranging from concealers and moisturizers to eye shadow and lipstick routinely offer SPF 30 and above.

Unfortunately, the SPF in makeup probably isn’t enough to limit the harmful effects of the sun’s skin-burning ultraviolet (UV) rays, says Dr. Kassouf.

In fact, at best you’re probably getting about half the protection you think. The reason? Skin care companies slather on an extra thick layer of a product when testing for SPF. In the real world, you’re not spackling your face with that much of the product.

“We put on just as much as we feel we can spread easily, then we’re off to the races,” says Dr. Kassouf. “So, we don’t usually get the full protection listed on the label.”

To be fair, that’s not just a makeup issue. The same dynamic takes place with sunscreen. Research shows you’re probably not layering on enough of that protection-from-the-sun product, either.

The solution? Double up. “Apply sunscreen with at least SPF 30 and makeup with SPF 30,” advises Dr. Kassouf. “Together, they’ll add up to the protection you need.”

Sunscreen also will help keep your skin protected when your makeup inevitably rubs off.

Should you apply sunscreen before or after makeup?

The order of application for skin care and beauty products is important to maximize protection from the sun.


In general, you’re better off applying sunscreen after washing and moisturizing your face but before digging into your makeup supply. “Sunscreen works best when applied directly to clean skin,” says Dr. Kassouf.

Give the sunscreen a few minutes to dry and sink into your skin before starting to put on any makeup. If you start the makeup process too early, you may undermine your sunscreen’s SPF.

Tips for applying sunscreen

If you’ve read this far, clearly you’re interested in keeping your face from looking like tanned leather. Dr. Kassouf offers these five suggestions to maximize your protection:

  1. Use broad-spectrum sunscreen products. Here’s a two-for-one 1 deal that does work. Broad-spectrum sunscreen protects against UVA and UVB rays, the two types of sun rays that cause harm. Both regular sunscreen and SPF makeup offer broad-spectrum options.
  2. Pick sunscreen products with at least a 30 SPF. Target at least a 30 SPF if you’re going to be outside in the sun for any extended period. Higher SPFs are available, but these bigger numbers offer only marginally better protection.
  3. Go heavy on sunscreen. The most common mistake people make when applying sunscreen is not using enough. Don’t be stingy with it.
  4. Don’t forget to areas other than your face. Your neck, arms and any other skin exposed to the sun deserve protection and care, too. (Covering these areas would be another reason why you don’t just want to use SPF makeup.)
  5. Keep your sunscreen current. Sunscreen doesn’t last forever. Pay attention to the expiration date to make sure you’re getting the skin protection you need.

Best way to reapply sunscreen over makeup

Getting a base layer of sunscreen on your face and topping it with SPF makeup is a good way to start any day, including cloudy ones. It’s not the end of your defensive work against pesky UV rays, though.

Sunscreen should be reapplied about every two hours or more frequently if you’re swimming, sweating or otherwise weakening the previous protective layer.

The reapplication rule applies even if you’re indoors, too. You can catch rays if you’re sitting by a window, after all. Plus, you’re going back outside eventually — so it’s best to just make regular reapplications part of your routine.

Mineral powder sunscreens are ideal for touch-ups during the day, notes Dr. Kassouf.

“Mineral powders are great for reapplying,” she continues. “They matte any shininess and add SPF at the same time. The minerals are also broad-spectrum by nature, which is what you want.”

Another option? Try using mineral-based tinted sunblock, which Dr. Kassouf calls “one of the best new products” for protection against the sun.


“There is some iron oxide added to the sunblock base of zinc and titanium to give it a tan color,” she explains. “This way, you get the broadest spectrum sun protection in a product that can even your skin tone, as well — and it is just one product to reapply.”

Why sun protection matters

Unless you’ve been living under a rock, you know that sunscreen is super important. (On the bright side, if you are living under a rock, you probably don’t need to worry about sun protection.)

Sun exposure is the top cause of skin cancer — including potentially deadly melanoma. Sunlight also ages your skin by damaging skin cells, leading to fine lines, wrinkles and discoloration.

UVA and UVB rays can cause eye damage (including cataracts) and suppress your immune system, too.

Understanding SPF

The SPF rating in sunscreen and makeup measures protection against the solar power of UVB rays. These are the bits of sunshine that are responsible for glowing red sunburn and most melanomas.

It’s the sun’s UVA rays that cause wrinkles and other signs of aging that can make you look like a Shar Pei puppy. A broad-spectrum sunscreen (as mentioned above) will offer protection on this front.

In a perfect world, your sunscreen and makeup will offer broad-spectrum protection, says Dr. Kassouf. But if only one hits that standard, it’s better if it’s the base layer of a high-SPF sunscreen.

Learn more about our editorial process.

Related Articles

Man sitting down at beach workout area with head in hand, eye closed
April 8, 2024/Primary Care
Why Does the Sun Make You Tired? Here Are 7 Reasons

Your body works overtime to keep you cool on hot summer days, bringing on sun fatigue

Female hanging out car window wearing sunglasses
February 6, 2024/Eye Care
Shady Debate: Polarized vs. Non-Polarized Sunglasses

Polarized lenses have an added benefit of a special coating that reduces glare on reflective surfaces like water and snow

girl with severe sunburned tan lines on shoulders
August 8, 2023/Skin Care & Beauty
7 Sunburn Relief Tips (and How To Prevent It Next Time)

Soothe your red, burning skin by applying aloe vera, moisturizing and using a cold compress

person applying sunscreen
August 7, 2023/Skin Care & Beauty
Yes, You Should Wear Sunscreen Every Day

Even on cloudy days or simply running errands, sunscreen is a must

people of color and sunscreen
July 10, 2023/Skin Care & Beauty
Why Sunscreen Is an Important Tool for People of Color

Having darker skin tones doesn’t automatically offer protection from the sun

applying sunscreen to feet
June 18, 2023/Skin Care & Beauty
5 Spots You’re Probably Forgetting To Put Sunscreen

It’s easy to forget your ears, eyelids, lips and feet — but any exposed skin needs protection

two men wearing sunglasses
June 15, 2023/Eye Care
Do Sunglasses Actually Protect Your Eyes?

More than just fashionable, the lenses reflect or block harmful UV rays and can reduce glare

Mother applies sunscreen to son
May 10, 2023/Skin Care & Beauty
Is Sunscreen Bad for You?

Choose lotion-based options that contain titanium dioxide or zinc oxide

Trending Topics

Person in yellow tshirt and blue jeans relaxing on green couch in living room reading texts on their phone.
Here’s How Many Calories You Naturally Burn in a Day

Your metabolism may torch 1,300 to 2,000 calories daily with no activity

woman snacking on raisins and nuts
52 Foods High In Iron

Pump up your iron intake with foods like tuna, tofu and turkey