March 14, 2022

Pimple Popping 101: How to (Safely) Zap Your Zits

Clean hands and gentle pressure are critical — but it’s better to leave those zits alone

An illustration of someone with pimples on their face trying to pop one

Zits. Pimples. Acne. No matter what name you choose to use, odds are you’ve looked in the mirror and seen one of these angry blemishes — and then decided to take matters into your own hands.


Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

Popping zits is just so … well, irresistible. Just a little squeeze results in that oh-so-gratifying release of the gunk inside. Doctors call the process extraction. Many people just call it satisfying.

But know this: Pimple-popping is not a healthy practice and could damage your skin if done incorrectly.

“People tend to get in trouble because they start extractions, and it becomes a habit,” says dermatologist Melissa Piliang, MD. “It can cause more problems than good, including inflammation and acne scars.”

Now, let’s address a reality of life: Despite any discouraging words, you might still be determined to paw away at that pimple until it finally gives up what’s inside. If so, here’s the best way to go at it.

How to correctly pop a pimple

Whether you’re dealing with a blackhead, whitehead or pustule, the first step is always the same: Wash your hands and face.

Some early prep work can help the process, too. You can pop pimples far more easily if you loosen the plug first. Over-the-counter (OTC) medications such as retinoids, benzoyl peroxide or salicylic acid can effectively open up your pores.

At this point, a little Acne 101 seems in order. (Before you start squeezing away at any blemishes, you should understand why they happen, after all.)

Basically, that pimple is a blocked pore. It can be filled with hair, sebum (an oily substance), bacteria or dead skin cells. As the gunk and oils build-up, the tell-tale bumps pop up on your skin … no doubt at the worst possible time. (Picture day!)

Now, let’s dig into the popping process, which is slightly different for each type.


Popping blackheads

After using an OTC medicine, popping a blackhead is fairly simple. Gently apply pressure to the outer edges with either your fingers or cotton swabs.

The plug should pop out easily, as blackheads are technically open pores, says Dr. Piliang.

Popping whiteheads

Whiteheads are closed pimples, so you’ll need to create an exit point for the plug. Sterilize a needle with alcohol and gently prick the top of the pimple.

After making the opening, apply pressure in the same way you would to extract a blackhead.

Popping pustules

A pustule sits deeper beneath your skin, so it requires a bit more work. Use a hot compress to draw the pus to the surface before applying pressure. As with a whitehead, you may need to use a sterilized needle to open an exit.

Stop the process if your popping attempt isn’t immediately successful. “If nothing comes out, wait a while,” says Dr. Piliang. “If you try to manipulate and squeeze it too much, you will only make the problem worse.”

Treatment after popping a pimple

So, you’ve popped the offending pimple and what’s left behind may be a leaking, oozing hole. Now what?


First, wash your hands and face to get the ick off. Applying an antibiotic ointment can help keep bacteria at bay. (If seeing the zit created some angst, you really don’t want to see what a follow-up infection would look like.)

There are special products available, too. A “pimple patch” or “zit sticker” contains a healing gel called hydrocolloid that can help with skin repair. It can help your pimple-popping wound shrink and become less inflamed.

Risks of pimple popping

Picking at blemishes comes with risks. Being too aggressive with your popping attempts could cause skin inflammation or long-term scarring. It could also stretch your pores, permanently making them bigger.

“You could take something small and not noticeable to someone else and make it a big, red bloody mess,” says Dr. Piliang says.

Your best bet? Prevent the next pop session

Pimple popping is, by far, the most popular way of dealing with these forms of acne, Dr. Piliang says. But working with your dermatologist is a much better method that’s safer for your skin in the long run.

“It’s a good idea to see a dermatologist who can advise you on how best to treat your acne,” she advises. “They can get you on a regimen to treat the existing blemishes and prevent new ones from coming up.”

Related Articles

Closeup of pimple on person's lip.
June 7, 2023
Lip Service: How To Get Rid of Lip Pimples

Using salicylic acid or benzoyl peroxide can help clear up breakouts near your lips

Person using mirror to inspect pimples close up.
May 7, 2023
How To Get Rid of a Pimple — Stat!

Benzoyl peroxide spot treatments are the gold standard, but they’re not the only game in town

Squeezed toothpaste from tube.
December 21, 2022
Why You Should Never Put Toothpaste on a Pimple

It can actually make your blemish worse, not better

Teen with facial acne.
November 9, 2022
The Best Acne Treatments for Teens

OTCs that can help treat teen acne, and getting into a skin care routine, can go a long way

Illustration of person with pimples on their face
September 7, 2021
Do Pimple Patches Actually Work?

A dermatologist weighs in on whether zit stickers are worthwhile

Closeup of dotted line indicating where eyelid lift will take place
February 14, 2024
Blepharoplasty vs. Brow Lift: What To Know

The procedures take different approaches to eliminate saggy, baggy skin around your eyes

jar of coconut oil-based cream next to a cut open coconut on a bath towel
February 9, 2024
Stop the Itch: Home Remedies To Help Manage Eczema

Colloidal oatmeal, petroleum jelly and other around-the-home products can help provide needed relief

stress factors floating around person with eczema on arms
February 8, 2024
Eczema and Stress: What’s the Connection?

Your body’s natural response to stress can lead to painful skin irritation

Trending Topics

glass of cherry juice with cherries on table
Sleepy Girl Mocktail: What’s in It and Does It Really Make You Sleep Better?

This social media sleep hack with tart cherry juice and magnesium could be worth a try

Exercise and diet over three months is hard to accomplish.
Everything You Need To Know About the 75 Hard Challenge

Following five critical rules daily for 75 days may not be sustainable

Person in foreground standing in front of many presents with person in background holding gift bags.
What Is Love Bombing?

This form of psychological and emotional abuse is often disguised as excessive flattery