Puberty can be a confusing and stressful time for adolescent girls. What can you expect your daughter to go through?
While the timing of puberty differs for each girl, physical changes always take place in the same order, says pediatrician Veronica Issac, MD.
“Doctors will use a tool called Tanner staging to track your daughter’s progress,” she says.
Girls generally begin and end puberty about two years earlier than boys, starting around age 11 and ending around age 16.
However, African-American and Hispanic girls tend to start puberty earlier than Caucasian girls, notes Dr. Issac.
The Tanner Stages break down the changes of puberty in girls as well as boys:
Stage 1. In this prepubescent stage, no changes have occurred.
Stage 2. Between ages 8 and 13, girls typically experience the following:
Stage 3. As girls move through this stage, typically between ages 9½ and 14:
Stage 4. As girls go through this stage, usually between ages 10½ and 15:
Stage 5. Development typically ends.
In this stage, girls reach physical adulthood. Most attain their peak height by age 16.
“All children go through emotional changes during puberty,” says Dr. Issac. “Some are affected more than others as estrogen and progesterone cycle through their bodies.”
The combination of social and school pressures and moodiness can cause emotional outbursts and conflict with parents. You may think your sweet girl has turned into a mean girl.
But share your concerns with the doctor. Sometimes, prescribing hormonal therapy, such as birth control medication, can ease symptoms and improve mood.
If your daughter starts puberty very late or doesn’t seem to be progressing through puberty, it’s also worth asking the doctor about. “She may just be a late bloomer, especially if Mom was,” says Dr. Issac.
However, hormonal or glandular problems are other possibilities. If your doctor suspects an underlying problem, he or she may refer your daughter to a specialist for testing.
A few red flags signal unusual development in girls. These include:
If these occur, mention it to the doctor. Dr. Issac says simple testing can help determine the cause of precocious puberty:
Your doctor may simply wait and monitor your daughter’s progress, or refer her to another doctor for tests. If needed, an endocrinologist can prescribe medication to halt puberty until the appropriate time.
Think your child isn’t experiencing puberty in a typical way? Talk to the doctor for reassurance that your child is on track — or to find out if something else is going on.