September 17, 2021

Pumping at Work: Tips for Working Moms Who Breastfeed

Maintaining milk production starts with planning ahead

breast pump in work environment

You’ve been feeding your baby breast milk and want to continue after you head back to your job following maternity leave. That just leaves one big question: How exactly will that work?


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The answer to maintaining breastfeeding and pumping breast milk after returning to the workplace starts with planning, say lactation specialists Susan Buchanan, RN, and Marie Lattarulo, RN.

Here’s where to start.

Use a double breast pump

Multitasking is often frowned upon these days, but pumping at work may qualify for an exemption.

The benefits of a double breast electric pump begin with time savings. It’s simple (and obvious) math, really: It takes 10 to 15 minutes to pump each breast, so doing both at once cuts the pumping time in half.

But this isn’t just a clock issue. It’s about productivity.

Stimulating both breasts to let down at the same time boosts the amount of milk expressed. (Some estimates put the increase at nearly 20%.) Also, the additional milk tends to be higher in energy-rich fat content for your child.

“A double breast pump is the most efficient way to pump at work,” says Lattarulo. “And there are advantages for you and your baby.”

It’s also easier (and more relaxing) if you use a hands-free pumping bra. That will allow you to multi-multitask and check work emails, text your childcare or scroll through your Instagram feed while pumping.

Keep to your schedule

How often should you pump during the workday? That depends on how often your baby is fed at home. “Try to keep to the same basic schedule,” says Buchanan. “Do what your body is used to doing.”


Emptying out at your regular time also is key to maintaining milk output. If your body senses milk levels stuck on a FULL, it’ll naturally move to scale back production.

“A full breast that stays full is not a good thing,” notes Buchanan. “It needs to be emptied.”

Another tip? If you’re leaving your baby off at childcare, try to set your schedule so that you breastfeed your baby at drop-off and pick-up. That will help increase your one-on-one sessions with your child while minimizing pumping sessions at work.

Planning a feeding at the childcare site — if that’s an option available to you — also eliminates potential end-of-day delays due to commuting, meal making or other realities of life. “Plan to take the time right then,” says Buchanan. “It will help avoid complications later.”

Pump in a relaxing location

Pumping your breasts at work may put you a bit ill at ease. It’s something you wouldn’t want to do in a location where you could be overheard or sitting in a bathroom stall worried about cleanliness.

The good news? You shouldn’t have to, thanks to federal regulations. The Fair Labor Standards Act requires businesses to provide a private space for nursing mothers to express milk. (A bathroom, even if private, is not a permitted location.)

Ideally, the space should include:

  • A door that locks to help ensure nobody walks in. (Federal regulations don’t require a private room but do demand a space that is shielded from view and free from any intrusion.)
  • A comfy chair near electrical outlets to plug-in pumps.
  • A flat surface where the breast pump and other supplies can be placed. (Learn more about how to store your breast milk.)

“It’s important to have a comfortable, quiet place to pump,” says Lattarulo. “The goal is to be in an environment that is as relaxing as possible. That’s when your milk production will be best.”

Use sensory items

There’s nothing like holding your baby to get your milk flowing. The best option for that while at work? A little mental trickery. “Use your senses to fool your brain into thinking your baby is there,” says Buchanan.


Do this by:

  • Watching a saved video of your child on your smartphone.
  • Gazing at pictures of your adorable little one.
  • Bringing in a piece of your child’s clothing or a blanket to smell.

“These serve as stimulations to help with milk flow,” notes Buchanan. “It’s a signal to the mind and body about what needs to be done.”

Practice your routine

Creating a plan to minimize disruptions to breast milk production is important. Carrying it out effectively, however, is the ultimate goal, and that requires practice, say Buchanan and Lattarulo.

For instance, don’t wait until your first day back on the job to try your breast pump. “Use it a few times to become familiar with the equipment,” says Lattarulo.

Visit your workplace ahead of your return, too, to see the space you’ll use for pumping. (Plus, it’s always nice to show off your new bundle of joy to co-workers, who will no doubt coo and talk funny.)

Also, try to make a stop at your childcare facility to see if there’s a spot where you might be able to breastfeed your child coming and going.

“There is so much anxiousness and nervousness that comes with going back to work after having a baby, and that only increases when you add in breastfeeding,” says Buchanan. “A plan provides stability and a path to success.”

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