Locations:
Search IconSearch

A Guide To Childproofing Your Home

Install cabinet locks, outlet covers and safety gates to keep your child safe

childproof locks on cupboard doors while toddler plays

Whether our kids are crawling, toddling or even driving, it’s our job to keep them safe from the hidden dangers lurking at home.

Advertisement

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

“Research shows that children are more likely to be injured at home than anywhere else,” says pediatrician Kimberly Giuliano, MD. “Part of that may be because kids spend a lot of time at home compared to other places.”

It may also be because children typically have less direct supervision at home.

“At school, the teachers are always watching. And the coach is there during your child’s game or practice,” Dr. Giuliano adds. “At home, there’s more likely to be some alone time.”

Childproofing, or babyproofing, your home becomes relevant when your child starts getting mobile — and rolling counts — so think around the 6-month mark.

Dr. Giuliano outlines how to keep your child safe at home, from when they’re little until they’re in their teens.

Use outlet covers

Outlet covers are pieces of plastic that you plug into electrical outlets. They prevent children from playing with electrical sockets and reduce their risk for electrocution.

Install cabinet and drawer locks

Lock all cabinets and drawers that a toddler or young child could reach. Cabinet and drawer locks can prevent small children from accessing dangerous chemicals and implements, including:

  • Kitchen and bathroom cleaners.
  • Laundry detergents.
  • Lawn and garden chemicals.
  • Medicines.
  • Outdoor cleaning supplies.
  • Sharp objects such as knives, kitchen scissors or garden shears.

Advertisement

You can find locks and other styles at any store that has a baby section. Hardware and home improvement stores sell them, too, or you can order them online. Child safety lock prices generally range from $3 to $20. Some options include:

  • Cabinet and drawer latches. A latch automatically locks the cabinet or drawer when it closes. It attaches easily to the inside of most drawers and cabinets with screws. Pressing a tab releases the cabinet or drawer from the catch. But if your children see you unlock it enough times, they may figure out how to do it themselves.
  • Cabinet flex locks. A flex lock attaches to cabinet handles or knobs to keep the drawer or cabinet door closed. A flexible tab and triple touch release features give added protection.
  • Magnetic locks. A magnetic lock keeps doors and drawers shut and requires a key to open them. This lock is more difficult to install, and you’ll need to keep an extra key.

It’s also best to keep chemicals both out of reach (think a top shelf) and locked away.

“Child cabinet locks are not foolproof,” says Dr. Giuliano. “A savvy toddler may be able to break them. Storing chemicals out of reach prevents an accidental exposure if somebody forgets to relock the cabinet.”

Avoid cords on blinds and drapes

Dr. Giuliano says window blinds cords pose a significant strangulation risk.

“When they dangle, they can be enticing to a child — and they often dangle right at their hand and eye level,” she says.

To childproof your window treatments, choose blinds that:

  • Don’t have cords.
  • Have retractable cords.
  • Have devices you can wrap the cords around to prevent them from dangling.

Advertisement

Anchor furniture

Don’t throw away those L-shaped brackets that come with disassembled furniture. If you have a little explorer on the loose (or plan to have one), you should anchor tall and narrow furniture pieces to the wall.

“Children, if they’re reaching up high, can pull furniture down on themselves. We see serious injuries and even fatalities from that,” cautions Dr. Giuliano. “Even if children can’t reach the highest part of the furniture, they can climb up by stepping on something next to it or pulling out lower drawers and stepping on those.”

Beware of chests

While most child-unfriendly chests are no longer sold in furniture stores, you can still unwittingly buy one secondhand.

“They can cause small injuries like pinched fingers or arms. They can also lead to more significant injuries like a fracture,” notes Dr. Giuliano. “But the biggest concern is a child climbing inside the chest. The lid could close on top of them and cause suffocation.”

Lock your windows

Windows are a fall risk, especially if your child can stick their entire head out of them.

“Screens may keep bugs out, but they won’t keep children in. They’re too flimsy for a child who’s using a bit of force,” says Dr. Giuliano. “If the windows are lower, make sure they are locked and secured. And be careful of windows that raise up. They could slide and injure a child standing underneath them.”

To childproof your windows:

  • Make sure windows can’t be opened wide enough for a child to crawl through.
  • Open windows from the top if possible.
  • If you use key-based window locks, keep the key nearby to have windows accessible during an emergency.
  • Don’t place furniture in front of a window. Children can climb up onto it and crawl through.
  • Repair broken or damaged windows right away. If you can’t, board them up.

Advertisement

Window locking devices are available at stores with a baby section or at home improvement and hardware stores. You can also purchase them online. Some window locking options include:

  • Window guards. A window guard has horizontal bars and side posts that go inside the window frame. The bars can withstand up to 150 pounds of pressure. In emergencies, you can quickly remove them by pressing a quick-release button. Window guards can cost around $50 for a single window treatment.
  • Window wedges. Wedges are like “door stoppers” for windows. You can position them anywhere along the edge of the top window of a double-hung window or sliding window. The window then can only be opened to that height or width. This locking device requires no tools for installation and uses a simple adhesive to mount. Window wedges cost around $3 for a two-pack.
  • Super Stoppers. This device is a 1.25-inch by 2-inch three-tiered wedge positioned inside of a large flexible suction cup. You press the suction cup in place on the top window of a double-hung window or sliding window. Doing so allows the bottom window or other sliding window to be opened only to the point of the Super Stopper. Super Stoppers are about $7 for a single stopper.

Keep your child safe around water

If you live near a body of water like a swimming pool, lake or creek, it’s important to prevent your small child from accessing that water without you.

“Have a barrier between the rear exit of the home and the body of water,” advises Dr. Giuliano. “If you have a pool, get a fence that goes around the entire perimeter.”

And pay attention to any buckets you may use for household chores.

“Even if there is less than a foot of water or cleaning chemicals in a bucket, children, especially toddlers, can drown in it,” she continues. “They’re very curious and can peer over the edge and tip over. If they’re caught with their head down and feet up, a tragedy can happen within minutes.”

Be mindful about where you store medications

“Don’t just think about narcotics and abusable types of medication. Keep a close eye on everyday medicines, too. Even over-the-counter medications like acetaminophen can be harmful,” notes Dr. Giuliano. “Keep only small amounts accessible to the whole family. Store them in a safe, locked-in area, even if children are older.”

And it’s also common for people to keep medications inside purses.

“So, whether it’s your purse or a visitor’s, keep it out of reach of young children,” she says.

Secure exits and entrances to your house

If you have a set of stairs or a sliding screen door, you want to make those areas safe and secure for your little wanderers.

For any set of stairs, you want to install a safety gate to prevent your little one from crawling or walking up or down the stairwells.

And pay attention to any doors that lead to an outside area like a balcony or porch. If you have a sliding glass door, you may want to install a tension bar at the top to stop your kiddos from opening doors when you’re not looking.

Don’t let your guard down once your kids are teenagers

And just when you thought you were out of the woods, Dr. Giuliano says the teen years require different safety measures.

“Teenagers sometimes engage in risk-taking behaviors or want to experiment with substances,” she adds. “Or potentially even more tragic, a teenager may be experiencing depression and suicidal thoughts. Make sure they don’t have access to potentially harmful substances.”

Be mindful about where you store:

  • Alcohol.
  • Firearms. Store unloaded, securely locked and with ammunition stored separately.
  • Prescription drugs.

We can’t keep our kids covered in bubble wrap, safe from all harm. But by combining a little planning, some child locks and a lot of common sense, we can prevent a whole lot of injuries and accidents.

Advertisement

Learn more about our editorial process.

Related Articles

Parents applying sunscreen to their toddler at the beach
June 12, 2024/Children's Health
Sunscreen for Babies: When Can You Use Sunscreen and What Kind Is Safest?

Babies shouldn’t wear sunscreen before 6 months old, so opt for shade and cooler parts of the day for outdoor fun time

Rainbow-colored heart hovering above healthcare provider's hand, with child sitting in exam chair
June 12, 2024/Parenting
How To Find an LGBTQIA-Friendly Pediatrician for Your Child

Local LGBT centers, online directories, visual cues and gender-affirming care or non-discrimination policies can all be helpful resources and cues

People biking, scootering and walking in a park
June 11, 2024/Children's Health
Cycle Smart: 8 Bike Safety Tips for Kids

Make sure their bike is the right size, find a helmet that fits properly and teach them the rules of the road

Smiling parent holding smiling baby in a pool
June 7, 2024/Children's Health
When Can Babies Go in the Pool?

Wait until they’re at least 6 months old before your little one takes their first dunk

Mother post birth in medical bed, with partner holding new baby, and caregiver nearby
Baby on the Way? Here’s What You May Not Know About Labor and Delivery

The birthing process can take longer than you might expect, and plans can always change

Female breast feeding baby
Can You Drink Alcohol While Breastfeeding?

An occasional drink is OK, and you can safely nurse your baby after the alcohol has left your breast milk

Child watching caregiver posting on phone and laptop
May 29, 2024/Parenting
Sharing Isn’t Always Caring: The Risks and Dangers of ‘Sharenting’

Posting intimate details of your child’s life on social media, like their birth date and school name, can have serious consequences

Child in pjs sleeping in bed moving legs
May 22, 2024/Children's Health
How To Help Children With Restless Legs Syndrome

Regular exercise, an iron-rich diet, adequate sleep and bedtime routines that include a warm bath or massage may help with your kid’s RLS

Trending Topics

Female and friend jogging outside
How To Increase Your Metabolism for Weight Loss

Focus on your body’s metabolic set point by eating healthy foods, making exercise a part of your routine and reducing stress

stovetop with stainless steel cookware and glassware
5 Ways Forever Chemicals (PFAS) May Affect Your Health

PFAS chemicals may make life easier — but they aren’t always so easy on the human body

jar of rice water and brush, with rice scattered around table
Could Rice Water Be the Secret To Healthier Hair?

While there’s little risk in trying this hair care treatment, there isn’t much science to back up the claims

Ad