Choose the Best Diet for Your Peripheral Arterial Disease
If you have peripheral artery disease, you’ll need to make some changes to your diet. Reducing saturated and mono-unsaturated fats, restricting sodium and increasing fiber are key.
Any dietary therapy for peripheral arterial disease (PAD) should reduce your intake of the types of fats associated with progression of cardiovascular disease. Ideally, these therapies would also reduce inflammation in the blood vessel wall and in your entire body.
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Assessing what can be achieved with diet therapy is important because it is part of lifestyle changes you can make to try and reduce your risk, says vascular surgeon Daniel Clair, MD.
Below are dietary recommendations based upon American Heart Association (AHA) guidelines. Also, find a review of the research to assess the effects of dietary changes and supplementation for individuals with PAD.
Total dietary recommendations:
The total effects of these dietary changes are reduced low-density, or bad cholesterol and reduction in blood pressure.
A number of diets have been assessed by the AHA and the American College of Cardiology to determine the proven effectiveness of these diets. Specifically, the following diets have had proven effects in preventing cardiovascular disease or decreasing progression of the disease. However, they have differing aims:
All these diets provide various benefits, Dr. Clair says. To choose a diet that is best for your specific needs, be sure to discuss with your doctor.
There are also a number of other diets that have been recommended that carry a particular physician’s name as the author. The Ornish Spectrum diet and the Weil anti-inflammatory diet along with the Esselstyn diet utilize some combination of low-fat and low-carbohydrate diets along with limitations of protein intake from meats and meat products.
There is little data to guide recommendations regarding these diets, but they do appear to provide benefit by incorporating principles behind proven diets. However, little can be said about proof of their specific benefits. These diets utilize proven principles in the foods they recommend, and because the basics of these principles are proven to improve life quality and expectancy, the diets can be recommended to those with PAD.
However, these diets may prove much more challenging to adhere to than the others mentioned above, and there is no evidence they provide additional benefit.