October 31, 2022

Why You Should Never Use Nasal Tanning Spray

You risk serious and even life-threatening health complications, from muscle injury to melanoma

Closeup of nasal tanning spray being used in nose.

You already know the dangers of sun exposure and tanning beds (including skin cancer, premature aging and more). Now, TikTokers and other social media influencers are touting a new way to get a tan — but it’s a trend you absolutely shouldn’t try.

Advertisement

Cleveland Clinic is a non-profit academic medical center. Advertising on our site helps support our mission. We do not endorse non-Cleveland Clinic products or services. Policy

Nasal tanning spray, as it’s called, contains a lab-made ingredient called Melanotan II, sometimes known as “the Barbie drug.” Users say that snorting it gives them a perma-glow — but the health risks are huge.

Dermatologist Allison Vidimos, RPh, MD, explains how nasal tanning spray works and why it’s so risky to put it in your body.

What are nasal tanning sprays?

Nasal tanning sprays are exactly what they sound like: Sprays that, when inhaled, can lead to a temporary darkening of your skin that makes you look tanner. Their key ingredient, Melanotan II, is completely synthetic, meaning it’s made in a lab.

Melanotan II replicates hormones that already exist in your body. And while that might sound harmless enough, Melanotan II is actually so risky that it’s illegal to sell it in all 50 U.S. states, as well as in the United Kingdom and Australia.

How does nasal tanning spray work?

Melanotan II imitates your body’s natural melanocyte-stimulating hormone, which is responsible for pigmenting your skin. And when you inhale Melanotan II through a nasal tanning spray, it has a direct path into your bloodstream.

That’s because the inside lining of your nose isn’t made of skin, it’s made of something called mucosa (also called a mucous membrane). “Mucosa doesn’t offer the same kind of barrier that skin does,” Dr. Vidimos explains, “so anything that goes into your nose will be absorbed into your bloodstream much more quickly.”

When Melanotan II enters your bloodstream, it stimulates your body’s production of melanin, a naturally occurring substance that lends color to your hair, eyes and skin. But it doesn’t pigment your skin on its own.

“It still requires exposure to harmful UV rays in order to work,” Dr. Vidimos notes. “After you’ve taken Melanotan II, your skin will get tanner than usual (and faster than usual) once you’ve spent time in the sun.”

Advertisement

And the effect only lasts for as long as you use the nasal tanning spray. When you stop, your body’s melanin levels will decrease and your tan will start to fade.

What are the risks?

“Let’s start with this: Snorting anything into your nose isn’t a good idea unless your doctor tells you to do it and it’s approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration,” Dr. Vidimos warns. And as we’ve already discussed, Melanotan II definitely isn’t.

Researchers don’t yet know the long-term effects of Melanotan II, but they’ve identified some immediate and scary risks.

Unpleasant, unwanted side effects

Melanotan II comes with a long list of possible side effects, including:

And these aren’t the only or the most severe risks.

Increased sun sensitivity

Interestingly, Melanotan II products are sometimes marketed as a way to protect you from skin cancer, but the opposite is true. In fact, using it actually increases your exposure to the sun’s effects.

“You’ll start to get tanner when you go into the sun, which means more unsafe sun exposure,” Dr. Vidimos says.

Melanotan II can cause a sudden increase in moles and freckles on your body, and it’s also associated with melanoma, an invasive skin cancer with a high risk of death.

Advertisement

Other serious health risks

Melanotan II increases your risk of a number of health concerns, some of which can be deadly, including:

  • Priapism, or painful, sustained erections. This can cause scarring and permanent erectile dysfunction.
  • Renal infarction, a rare but life-threatening condition that causes reduced blood flow to your kidneys.
  • Rhabdomyolysis, a condition in which the cells in your muscles start to disintegrate. It can also lead to acute kidney injury and even death.

There’s no way to know what you’re inhaling

“Because the FDA doesn’t regulate Melanotan II products, you can’t be sure what’s in your inhaled tanning spray, no matter what the label claims,” Dr. Vidimos states.

One study found that “the total amount of Melanotan II in vials ranged between 4.32 and 8.84 mg, although each [seller] claimed that vials contained 10 mg Melanotan II.”

The same study found that as much as 6% of some Melanotan II products were made up of “unknown impurities.” And again, inhaling them through your nose means these chemicals have direct access to your bloodstream. “Any of these chemicals are going to go right into your body,” Dr. Vidimos states.

Want a tan? Do it the safe way

Don’t risk your health for a little bit of a tan! The bottom line is clear: “Melanotan sprays just aren’t safe, period,” Dr. Vidimos says.

If you’re jonesing for a little bit of a glow, though, there’s a tried-and-true — and much, much safer — route you can take instead.

“Use a spray tan or the kind of gradual tan you can get in a cream or a lotion,” she advises. “These work by changing the color on just the outer layer of your skin (called the stratum corneum), and they don’t end up in your bloodstream. And they’re very safe.”

Related Articles

person getting a spray tan
April 19, 2023
Are Spray Tans Safe?

Compared to other tanning methods, they’re the safest choice — but they’re not entirely risk-free

Closeup of dotted line indicating where eyelid lift will take place
February 14, 2024
Blepharoplasty vs. Brow Lift: What To Know

The procedures take different approaches to eliminate saggy, baggy skin around your eyes

jar of coconut oil-based cream next to a cut open coconut on a bath towel
February 9, 2024
Stop the Itch: Home Remedies To Help Manage Eczema

Colloidal oatmeal, petroleum jelly and other around-the-home products can help provide needed relief

stress factors floating around person with eczema on arms
February 8, 2024
Eczema and Stress: What’s the Connection?

Your body’s natural response to stress can lead to painful skin irritation

Smiling person holding small container of moisturizer close to face, with product applied to face
February 1, 2024
What Does Vitamin B5 Do for Your Hair and Skin?

Pantothenol is a powerful moisturizer and can help repair damaged skin and hair

Doctor making marks on female patient's face
January 31, 2024
Facelift Facts: What You Need To Know

From the best age to get one to how long it takes to recover, we answer nine common questions about this wrinkle-reducing procedure

Person touching acne on face while looking in handheld mirror
January 30, 2024
Home Remedies for Acne: Do They Work?

Some remedies might help banish breakouts, but others are best avoided

close up of the bakuchiol plant
January 10, 2024
Should You Be Using Bakuchiol in Your Skin Care Routine?

This alternative to retinol may be easier on sensitive skin

Trending Topics

glass of cherry juice with cherries on table
Sleepy Girl Mocktail: What’s in It and Does It Really Make You Sleep Better?

This social media sleep hack with tart cherry juice and magnesium could be worth a try

Exercise and diet over three months is hard to accomplish.
Everything You Need To Know About the 75 Hard Challenge

Following five critical rules daily for 75 days may not be sustainable

Person in foreground standing in front of many presents with person in background holding gift bags.
What Is Love Bombing?

This form of psychological and emotional abuse is often disguised as excessive flattery

Ad