The Health Benefits of Beets

Why you should fall in love with this ruby-red root
Roasted Beets with Balsamic Vinegar and Herbs

To the uninitiated, beets can be intimidating. They’re knobby, blood-red and taste a little like dirt. But there’s so much more to beetroot than meets the eye.

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“Beets are special,” says registered dietitian Camille Skoda, RD. “They’re one of very few fruits or vegetables that have that deep red-purple color, which provides a different set of nutrients and antioxidants than you’ll get from produce of other colors.”

And, with the right preparation, they can be surprisingly delicious. Here’s why you should give beets a second look.

Betalains: Pigments that pack a punch

What makes beets such gems? They get their jewel-like hue from betalains, a type of natural plant pigment that provides a health boost. Betalains contain:

  • Antioxidants: These natural compounds protect your cells from damage. Antioxidants may lower the risk of heart disease, cancer or other diseases.
  • Anti-inflammatory properties: Ongoing inflammation in the body is linked to several diseases, including Type 2 diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease, asthma and obesity.

Those good-for-you pigments do have one small downside, however: “They can turn your urine bright red,” Skoda warns. “It can be kind of scary if you forget you’ve eaten beets. But it’s totally harmless.”

Beetroot benefits

Betalains are just the tip of the iceberg. Beets have some other things going for them, too:

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  • Fiber: Beets are high in fiber. Fiber can help you control blood sugar levels, maintain a healthy weight, lower cholesterol and stay regular.
  • Nitrates: “Beets contain nitrates, which help widen blood vessels,” Skoda says. “That can help with blood pressure and may also improve athletic performance and brain function.”
  • Vitamins and minerals: “Beets — and beet greens — are a good source of folate, a B-vitamin that’s especially important during pregnancy,” Skoda explains. “They’re also a good source of potassium, magnesium and vitamin C.”

Beet bounty: A rainbow of benefits

A healthy diet is a colorful diet. Different plant colors mean different plant nutrients. “Try to eat something from every color of the rainbow each day,” Skoda says.

Beets make it easy since they come in their own mini-rainbow:

  • Red and purple beets are especially high in a type of betalain called betacyanins. 
  • Yellow or golden beets are packed with a different group of betalain, called betaxanthins. (If you’re freaked out by red pee, these are your go-to beets!)
  • Beet greens are a deep, rich green — a sign they’re full of good stuff. “They’re a really terrific source of B vitamins and definitely not something to be wasted,” Skoda says. They’re great sauteed or tossed into a salad.

How to eat beets

Now you know why beets reign supreme. So how can you add them to your diet?

Crank your can opener

Canned beets are as easy as it gets. Slice them up for a salad. Or blend them with hummus for a pretty pink dip. “If you don’t love beets’ earthy flavor, mixing it into a dip balances it a bit,” Skoda says. “Just make sure to look for canned beets without added salt or extra ingredients,” she adds.

Preheat your oven

Roasting beets brings out their earthy-sweet goodness. “You can also slice them thin and dry them in the oven to make crunchy beet chips,” Skoda says.

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Grab a glass

Beet juice doesn’t contain the fiber of whole beets. But juice can be a good way to kick up the beets if you’re using them for a brain boost or athletic enhancement, Skoda says. Most grocery stores carry beet juice. You can even find powdered beet juice supplements in the fitness section of groceries or vitamin stores.

Do beets have a downside?

Before you start beet-loading, a word of caution: Beets are rich in oxalates, which can contribute to kidney stones. If you have kidney stones, it’s best to enjoy beetroots and beet greens in moderation, Skoda says.

For most healthy people, though, oxalates aren’t an issue. As part of a balanced, varied diet, you simply can’t beat beets.

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