Have you ever downed half a bag of popcorn at the movies before the previews are even over? Or emptied the dish of tortilla chips while waiting for your meal at a restaurant, only to find that you’re already stuffed when your meal finally arrives?
An occasional indulgence is a normal part of life. But if this type of automatic eating becomes a habit, it can take a toll on your health and your happiness.
That’s where mindful eating can be helpful. It’s a strategy that may help you tune into your body’s cues and prevent overeating. It’s not a diet, but rather a practice that can help you slow down, be more aware of what you’re eating and pay attention to whether or not you’re actually hungry.
“Mindful eating grew out of the concept of mindfulness, which is being aware using all of the senses of the present moment,” explains psychologist Susan Albers, PsyD. “It involves the development of a special kind of awareness that you bring to the table whenever you eat.”
Studies have found mindfulness techniques to be helpful with reducing binge eating and emotional eating. It may also help with weight loss — but that tends to happen slowly over time, Dr. Albers says. Mindful eating isn’t meant to be a quick fix for weight loss.
In fact, for many people, adopting mindful practices is a way to get off the dieting rollercoaster.
There are no menus or recipes for this way of eating, because it’s more about how you eat than what you eat, which makes it less restrictive than fad diets.
It’s about being present in the moment, focusing on what you’re eating and noticing when your body is full.
“This approach builds a healthier relationship with food and gives you a sense of freedom, whereas you may have felt restricted, with a constant feeling that you’re being ‘good’ or ‘bad,’” says Dr. Albers.
The first step to eating more mindfully is becoming aware of what’s triggering your unhealthy eating patterns. Some of the common reasons people overeat include:
Dr. Albers suggests starting with these fundamental behaviors that can help you be more mindful about what, when and how you’re eating.
Eating at your desk, in the car or while you’re making the kids dinner are all prime examples of mindless eating. Turn off the TV and get rid of distractions. “Research indicates that if we sit at a table, that helps us to be mindful of how much we’re eating and enjoy our food more because we’re focused on it,” Dr. Albers says.
Make an effort to observe the look, smell and mouthfeel of your food. Take small bites. Chew slowly. This is easier said than done and may require practice. “When you’re getting started, set a timer for 20 minutes with a small portion of food and make sure it lasts that long,” Dr. Albers suggests.
Pause between each bite of food to ask yourself, “Am I really satisfied? Can I stop here?” “We often eat a whole plate of food before even taking a pause or a breath,” Dr. Albers says. Decipher between being hungry and satisfied to guide your decisions.
Adjust your environment to make it more conducive to mindful eating. “Take a tour of your house and look around to see what food is out and available,” Dr. Albers says. Are healthy snacks like fruit and nuts the easiest to grab? Or unhealthy snacks like candy and cookies? “In my house, I have a bowl right next to the door that’s filled with healthy snacks like mandarin oranges and nuts. Whenever someone leaves the house, they stop at the bowl, pick something up and put it in their pocket or purse so they don’t have to go to a fast food place or vending machine if they get hungry.”
Other factors — like not getting enough sleep or having high levels of stress in your life — can impact your appetite hormones significantly, Dr. Albers says. “Plus, when we’re tired, we don’t make great decisions around food.”
If you catch yourself eating mindlessly, here are a few simple exercises you can try to help you bring your attention back:
If you find yourself constantly overeating or unable to control it, there could be an underlying issue involved that needs attention. A therapist, dietitian, nutritionist or physician can help you to get to the bottom of it and work on developing healthier habits.